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Journal Article

Critical Components of Formative Assessment in Process‑Oriented Guided Inquiry Learning for Online Labs  pp79-92

Saptarshi Purkayastha, Asha K. Surapaneni, Pallavi Maity, Anushri S. Rajapuri, Judy W. Gichoya

© Jun 2019 Volume 17 Issue 2, Editor: Antonios Andreatos, Cleo Sgouropoulou and Klimis Ntalianis, pp66 - 172

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In the traditional lab setting, it is reasonably straightforward to monitor student learning and provide ongoing feedback. Such formative assessments can help students identify their strengths and weaknesses, and assist faculty to recognize where students are struggling and address problems immediately. But in an online virtual lab setting, formative assessment has challenges that go beyond space‑time synchrony of online classroom. As we see increased enrollment in online courses, learning science needs to address the problem of formative assessment in online laboratory sessions. We developed a student team learning monitor (STLM module) in an electronic health record system to measure student engagement and actualize the social constructivist approach of Process Oriented Guided Inquiry Learning (POGIL). Using iterative Plan‑Do‑Study‑Act cycles in two undergraduate courses over a period of two years, we identified critical components that are required for online implementation of POGIL. We reviewed published research on POGIL classroom implementations for the last ten years and identified some common elements that affect learning gains. We present the critical components that are necessary for implementing POGIL in online lab settings, and refer to this as Cyber POGIL. Incorporating these critical components are required to determine when, how and the circumstances under which Cyber POGIL may be successfully implemented. We recommend that more online tools be developed for POGIL classrooms, which evolve from just providing synchronous communication to improved task monitoring and assistive feedback.


Keywords: POGIL, online education, formative assessment, health information management, electronic health records


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Journal Issue

Volume 17 Issue 2 / Jun 2019  pp66‑172

Editor: Antonios Andreatos, Cleo Sgouropoulou, Klimis Ntalianis

View Contents Download PDF (free)

Keywords: e-Learning, distance education, technology enhanced learning, life-long learning, deep and meaningful learning, POGIL, online education, formative assessment, health information management, electronic health records, learning design, learning design tools, learning designer, teacher training , inclination to complete, learning engagement, learning motivation, massive open online course, online learning, Blended Learning, higher education, learner engagement, macro-meso-micro level inquiry, identity theory, audio games, serious games, augmented reality, augmented reality audio, audio interaction, music education, play-to-engage, participatory co-creation, indigenous community engagement, culture


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