The Electronic Journal of e-Learning provides perspectives on topics relevant to the study, implementation and management of e-Learning initiatives
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Journal Issue
Volume 8 Issue 2, ECEL 2009 / Mar 2010  pp51‑208

Editor: Shirley Williams, Florin Salajan

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Evaluating the Impact of Distance Learning Support Systems on the Learning Experience of MBA Students in a Global Context  pp51‑62

Yongmei Bentley, Anjali Shegunshi, Mike Scannell

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The VLE as a Trojan Mouse: Policy, Politics and Pragmatism  pp63‑72

Mark Brown, Shelley Paewai, Gordon Suddaby

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Exploring the Current Theoretical Background About Adoption Until Institutionalization of Online Education in Universities: Needs for Further Research  pp73‑84

Ines Casanovas

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Abstract

Online education in institutional contexts means new organizational problems. The fact that universities need to change to accommodate the impact of technology on learning is already known and accepted. Coping with changes from adoption until institutionalization of online education represents a formidable management challenge for universities. Online education, under the umbrella of e‑learning was perceived by several early researchers as an innovation per‑se, "established and embedded" in educational institutions. Nevertheless, the Department for Education and Skills of UK insists that e‑learning is not embedded at any stage of education. The focus was strongly set on technological, practical and pedagogical aspects but there are relevant reports about failures in embedding innovations in educational institutions. The institutional lack of strategies to cope with international students and new technologies as well as supporting for future online developments clearly appeared in recent studies. Competition in the market of Higher Education has pushed universities towards the adoption of sophisticated organizational practices to ensure effectiveness. These new institutional models require changing traditional functions and roles, as online education does not usually fit into the existing university structure. The transition from on‑campus to online education evolves in new roles, either in the pedagogical or in the administration domains. Organizational factors, more than teachers and students attitudes or technological features seem to mark the differences in the general perception about technology‑mediated education getting successfully embedded in institutional new programs, roles, procedures, culture and structures. The aim of this paper is to revisit the existing theoretical background about the process from adoption until institutionalization of online education and explore the needs for further research. The overall purpose is to encourage researchers to fill the gaps of knowledge helping university managers to address a more clear understanding of the individual and organizational interactions that influence the development of strategies and institutionalization of emergent online educational initiatives. Exploring the current theoretical background it could be found that IT‑innovation adoption models describe very extensively organizational issues, but they mainly take into account educational innovation take‑up, adoption and implementation as isolated stages. They focus on factors and prescribed practices, but not on the human interactions during the transition from individual adoption until institutionalization. The disconnection between individual and organizational IT adoption research was remarked by the Diffusion Interest Group in Information Technology (DIGIT) in their 2004 conference. Since then, several authors have claimed for a better understanding of this linkage. The lack of clearness about the phenomena and a description of how individual and group‑level processes enable andor hinder the development of organizational routines, were reported as a still under‑developed topic and according to the findings of this review it seems to be still an ongoing theme. Consequently, under the circumstance of the transformation that universities are undergoing, the need for a systematic study analyzing the implementation of emergent IT innovations in education appears as significant. Particularly, the process from its adoption at individual level until its institutionalization and the linkage between individual and organizational purposes need to be addressed. 

 

Keywords: online education, adoption, organizational factors, institutionalization, universities

 

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Interventions for Second‑Order Change in Higher Education: Challenges and Barriers  pp85‑92

Sebastian Fiedler, Terje Väljataga

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The Lecture is Dead Long Live the e‑Lecture  pp93‑100

Duncan Folley

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A Framework for Supporting Postsecondary Learners with Psychiatric Disabilities in Online Environments  pp101‑110

Scott Grabinger

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Enhancing the Impact of Formative Feedback on Student Learning Through an Online Feedback System  pp111‑122

Thanos Hatziapostolou, Iraklis Paraskakis

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Wiki Tools in the Preparation and Support of e‑Learning Courses  pp123‑132

Antonin Jancarik, Katerina Jancarikova

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Building the Future Students' Blended Learning Experiences from Current Research Findings  pp133‑140

Amanda Jefferies, Ruth Hyde

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Multiple Criteria Evaluation of Quality and Optimisation of e‑Learning System Components  pp141‑150

Eugenijus Kurilovas, Valentina Dagiene

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How do Students Measure Service Quality in e‑Learning? A Case Study Regarding an Internet‑based University  pp151‑160

María Martínez-Argüelles, José Castán

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Collaborative Language Learning for Professional Adults  pp161‑172

Linda Joy Mesh

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The Role of Essay Tests Assessment in e‑Learning: A Japanese Case Study  pp173‑178

Minoru Nakayama, Hiroh Yamamoto

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Experiences Obtained with Integration of Student Response Systems for iPod Touch and iPhone into e‑Learning Environments  pp179‑190

John Stav, Kjetil Nielsen, Gabrielle Hansen-Nygård, Trond Thorseth

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Emergence Of The Most Knowledgeable Other (MKO): Social Network Analysis Of Chat And Bulletin Board Conversations In A CSCL System  pp191‑208

Sundararajan

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